Theology Corner

Addressing commonly asked questions about Christianity from the perspective of a non-theologian

Theology Corner

1.)  CAN GOD'S WILL BE THWARTED?

2.)  DID GOD ELECT ONLY A FEW FOR SALVATION WHILE CONDEMNING THE GREATER PART OF MANKIND TO HELL?

3.)  FAITH OR SALVATION: WHICH COMES FIRST?

4.)  DID GOD THE FATHER BEGET JESUS CHRIST?

5.)  WHAT ARE THE TWO NATURES OF CHRIST?

6.)  WHAT IS ANTINOMIANISM?

7.)  WHAT IS SABELLIANISM?

8.)  WHAT IS PELAGIANISM?

9.)  DOES LOVE REALLY WIN?

10.)  IS YOUR WILL REALLY YOUR WILL?

11.)  CAN TWO THEOLOGIES BE TESTED FOR COMPATIBILITY?

12.)  WHAT IS THE FRAUD OF FIDEISM?

13.)  IS CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY COMPATIBLE WITH JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES THEOLOGY?

14.)  IS CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY COMPATIBLE WITH CHRISTIAN SCIENCE THEOLOGY?

15.)  IS CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY COMPATIBLE WITH MORMON THEOLOGY?

16.)  IS CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY COMPATIBLE WITH UNITARIAN UNIVERSALISTS THEOLOGY?

17.)  IS CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY COMPATIBLE WITH SCIENTOLOGY THEOLOGY?

18.)  IS CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY COMPATIBLE WITH UNIFICATION CHURCH THEOLOGY?

19.)  IS CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY COMPATIBLE WITH THE WAY INTERNATIONAL THEOLOGY?

20.)  IS CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY COMPATIBLE WITH THE WORLDWIDE CHURCH OF GOD THEOLOGY?

21.)  IS REPENTANCE REALLY NECESSARY?

22.)  WHAT ARE SOME MUSINGS OF A METHODIST THEOLOGIAN ON LIMITED ATONEMENT?

23.)  WHAT ARE SOME QUESTIONS FOR THOSE WHO TEACH A LIMITED ATONEMENT PROVIDED ONLY FOR THE ELECT OF GOD?

24.)  WHAT WERE CALVIN'S ACTUAL WORDS?

25.)  WHAT IS GNOSTICISM?

26.)  WHAT IS THE UNPARDONABLE SIN?

27.)  IS CLASSICAL CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY COMPATIBLE WITH PROGRESSIVE CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY?

1.)  IS CHRISTIANITY COMPATIBLE WITH POSITIVE TOLERANCE?

2.)  CAN WE HAVE A FORM OF GODLINESS, BUT DENY THE POWER THEREOF?

3.)  WHAT IS THE GREAT WAR?

4.)  SHOULD PRESIDENT TRUMP HAVE BEEN IMPEACHED FOR IMMORALITY?

5.)  WHO SAID MOSES WAS HUMBLE?

6.)  COULD CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE BENEFIT FROM WOKE REVISION?

7.)  DID EINSTEIN BELIEVE ALL CHRISTIANS WERE CALVINISTS?

8.)  WHY IS MARXISM A MAGNET?

9.)  WHAT IS TRUE SCIENCE?

10.)  CAN YOU LOSE YOUR SALVATION?

11.)  WHAT ARE THE SYNOPTIC GOSPELS?

12.)  WHAT HAPPENED BETWEEN OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS?

13.)  WAS PAUL ENTIRELY SANCTIFIED?

14.)  ARE YOU LIVING IN A WORLD AT WAR?

15.)  WHAT IS THE DIRECT METHOD FOR PROVING A CONDITIONAL PROPOSITION IS TRUE?

16.)  WHAT IS THE CONTRAPOSITIVE METHOD FOR PROVING A CONDITIONAL PROPOSITION IS TRUE?

17.)  WHAT IS THE CONTRADICTION METHOD FOR PROVING A CONDITIONAL PROPOSITION IS TRUE?

18.)  WHAT MIGHT A METHODIST THEOLOGIAN SAY ABOUT PURGATORY?

19.)  WHICH BIBLE PASSAGES ELUCIDATE CORE ASPECTS OF CHRISTIANITY?

20.)  DO SELECTED NIV VERSES ELUCIDATE CORE ASPECTS OF CHRISTIANITY?

21.)  DO SELECTED AKJV VERSES ELUCIDATE CORE ASPECTS OF CHRISTIANITY?

22.)  DO SELECTED YLT VERSES ELUCIDATE CORE ASPECTS OF CHRISTIANITY?

23.)  DO SELECTED 'VOICE' VERSES ELUCIDATE CORE ASPECTS OF CHRISTIANITY?

24.)  COULD THE CONCEPT OF 'SALVATION ONLY FOR THE ELECT' HAVE BEEN ROOTED IN THE MIND OF AUGUSTINE BEFORE HE EMBRACED CHRISTIANITY?

25.)  DID AUGUSTINE RECEIVE PUSHBACK FOR HIS TEACHING OF 'SALVATION ONLY FOR THE ELECT' DURING HIS LIFETIME?

DO SELECTED NIV VERSES ELUCIDATE CORE ASPECTS OF CHRISTIANITY?

These are the verses enumerated in Section 13.19 of Theology Corner as translated by the New International Version.  When the best exegesis is assigned to each verse, that verse is found to support the corresponding core belief of Christianity.

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Core Belief 2 of Christianity

 

 

The one true God (Deut 4:35, 6:4; Isa 43:10, 44:6-8; I Cor 8:6; 1 Tim 2:5) exists as three distinct,

 

You were shown these things so that you might know that the lord is God; besides Him there is no other. (Deut 4:35)…Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. (Deut 6:4)…“You are my witnesses,” declares the Lord, “and my servant whom I have chosen so that you may know and believe me and understand that I am He.  Before me no God was formed, nor will there be one after me.” (Isa 43:10)…“This is what the Lord says – Israel’s King and Redeemer, the Lord Almighty: I am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God.  Who then is like me?  Let him proclaim it.  Let him declare and lay out before me what has happened since I established my ancient people, and what is yet to come – yes, let him foretell what will come.  Do not tremble, do not be afraid.  Did I not proclaim this and foretell it long ago?  You are my witnesses.  Is there any God besides me?  No, there is no other Rock; I know not one.” (Isa 44:6-8)…Yet for us, there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live. (1 Cor 8:6)…For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,  (I Tim 2:5)

 

Transcendent (1 Kings 8:27),

But will God really dwell on earth?  The heavens, even the highest heaven, cannot contain you.  How much less this temple I have built! (1 Kings 8:27)

 

Immanent (Acts 17:27-28; Col 1:16-17),

God did this so that men would seek Him and perhaps reach out for Him and find Him, though He is not far from each one of us.  For in Him we live and move and have our being.  As some of your own poets have said, ‘We are His offspring.’ (Acts 17:27-28)…For by Him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers and authorities; all things were created by Him and for Him.  He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together. (Col 1:16-17)

Infinite (1 Kings 8:27),

But will God really dwell on earth?  The heavens, even the highest heaven, cannot contain you.  How much less this temple I have built! (1 Kings 8:27)

 

Eternal (Isa 57:15) and

For this is what the high and lofty One says – He who lives forever, whose name is holy: “I live in a high and holy place, but also with him who is contrite and lowly in spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly and to revive the heart of the contrite.” (Isa 57:15)

 

Immutable (Mal 3:6) persons:

“I the Lord do not change.  So you, O descendants of Jacob, are not destroyed. (Mal 3:6)

 

God the Father (John 5:18, 10:29, 14:28, 17:1-3; 1 Cor 8:6; Phil 2:11)

For this reason the Jews tried all the harder to kill Him; not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He was even calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God. (John 5:18)…My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand, I and the Father are one. (John 10:29)…You heard me say, ‘I am going away and I am coming back to you.’  If you loved me, you would be glad that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. (John 14:28)…After Jesus said this, He looked toward heaven and prayed: ‘Father, the time has come.  Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you.  For you granted Him authority over all people that He might give eternal life to all those you have given him.  Now this is eternal life; that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent.’ (John 17:1-3)…yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live. (1 Cor 8:6)…and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Phil 2:11)

 

God the Son (Isa 7:14, 44:6; John 1:1-14, 5:18, 10:30, 20:28, 8:58 cf Ex 3:14; Rom 9:5; Phil 2:5-11; Col 1:15-18; Titus 2:13, Heb 1:8; 1 John 5:20; Rev 22:13-18)

Therefore, the Lord Himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.  (Isa 7:14)…”This is what the Lord says – Israel’s King and Redeemer, the Lord Almighty: I am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God.” (Isa 44:6)…In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.  He was with God in the beginning.  Through Him all things were made; without Him nothing was made that has been made.  In Him was life, and that life was the light of men.  The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it.  There came a man who was sent from God; his name was John.  He came as a witness to testify concerning that light, so that through him all men might believe.  He himself was not the light; he came only as a witness to the light.  The true light that gives light to every man was coming into the world.  He was in the world, and though the world was made through Him, the world did not recognize Him.  He came to that which was His own, but His own did not receive Him.  Yet to all who received Him, to those who believed in his name, He gave the right to become children of God – children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.  The Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us.  We have seen His glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth. (John 1:1-14)…For this reason, the Jews tried all the harder to hill Him; not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He was even calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God. (John 5:18)…”I and the Father are one.” (John 10:30)…Thomas said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” (John 20:28)…”I tell you the truth,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I AM!” (John 8:58)…God said to Moses, “I am who I am.  This is what you are to say to the Israelites: I AM has sent me to you.” (Ex 3:14)…Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of Christ, who is God over all, forever praised!  Amen. (Rom 9:5)…Your attitude should be the same as that of Christ Jesus: Who, being in the very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness.  And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to death – even death on a cross!  Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave Him the name that is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Phil 2:5-11)…He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.  For by Him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things were created by Him and for Him.  He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.  And He is the head of the body, the church; He is the beginning and the firstborn from among the dead, so that in everything He might have the supremacy. (Col 1:15-18)…while we wait for the blessed hope – the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, (Titus 2:13)…But about the Son He says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever, and righteousness will be the scepter of your kingdom” (Heb 1:8)…We know also that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, so that we may know Him who is true.  And we are in Him who is true – even in His Son Jesus Christ.  He is the true God and eternal life. (1 John 5:20)…”I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End.  Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and may go through the gates into the city.  Outside are the dogs, those who practice magic arts, the sexually immoral, the murderers, the idolaters and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.  I Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches.  I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star.”  The Spirit and the bride say, “Come!”  And let him who hears say, “Come!” Whoever is thirsty, let him come; and whoever wishes, let him take the free gift of the water of life.  I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds anything to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book. (Rev 22: 13-18).

 

God the Holy Spirit (Ex 17:7 cf Heb 3:7-9; Mat 28:19; Acts 5:3-4, 13:2 cf Gal 1:1 and 1 Tim 1:1; 1 Cor 3:16; 2 Cor 13:14; 2 Tim 3:16 cf 2 Pet 1:21; Heb 9:14).

And he called the place Massah and Meribah because the Israelites quarreled and because they tested the Lord saying, ‘Is the Lord among us or not?’ (Ex 17:7)…So as the Holy Spirit says: “Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as you did in the rebellion, during the time of testing in the desert, where your fathers tested and tried me and for forty years saw what I did.” (Heb 3:7-9)…”Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit (Mat 28:19)…Then Peter said, “Ananias, how is it that Satan has so filled your heart that you have lied to the Holy Spirit and have kept for yourself some of the money you received for the land?  Didn’t it belong to you before it was sold?  And after it was sold, wasn’t the money at your disposal?  What made you think of doing such a thing?  You have not lied to men but to God.” (Acts 5:3-4)…While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, “Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them,” (Acts 13:2)…Paul, an apostle – sent not from men nor by man, but by Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised Him from the dead (Gal 1:1)…Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the command of God our Savior and of Christ Jesus our hope, (1 Tim 1:1)…Don’t you know that you yourselves are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit lives in you? (1 Cor 3:16)…May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. (2 Cor 13:14)…All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, (2 Tim 3:16)…For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit. (2 Pet 1:21)…How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God! (Heb 9:14)

 

No more than 80 verses (0.25% of Scripture), from the New International Version, are required to establish the foundational aspects of the triune God.  Two more could be added for good measure:

 

  • Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness…” (Gen 1:26)

 

  • And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. (Gen 3:22)

 

Neither the term Trinity, nor any that expresses the notion of Triunity is contained in Scripture.  But the mysterious truth that these words represent is stamped upon the entire revelation of God.

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Core Belief 3 of Christianity

 

Jesus Christ is God the Son (Isa 7:14 cf Mat 1:23, 44:6; John 1:1-14, 5:18, 10:30, 20:28, 8:58 cf Ex 3:14; Rom 9:5; Phil 2:5-11; Col 1:15-18; Titus 2:13, Heb 1:8; 1 John 5:20; Rev 22:13-18).

Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. (Isa 7:14)…’The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call Him Immanuel’ – which means, ‘God with us.’ (Mat 1:23)…This is what the Lord says – Israel’s King and Redeemer, the Lord Almighty: I am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God. (Isa 44:6)…In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.  He was with God in the beginning.  Through Him all things were made; without Him nothing was made that has been made.  In Him was life, and that life was the light of men.  The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it.  There came a man who was sent from God; his name was John.  He came as a witness to testify concerning that light, so that through him all men might believe.  He himself was not the light; he came only as a witness to the light.  The true light that gives light to every man was coming into the world.  He was in the world, and though the world was made through Him, the world did not recognize Him.  He came to that which was His own, but His own did not receive Him.  Yet to all who received Him, to those who believed in his name, He gave the right to become children of God – children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.  The Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us.  We have seen His glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth. (John 1:1-14)…For this reason, the Jews tried all the harder to hill Him; not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He was even calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God. (John 5:18)…”I and the Father are one.” (John 10:30)…Thomas said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” (John 20:28)…”I tell you the truth,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I AM! (John 8:58)…God said to Moses, “I am who I am.  This is what you are to say to the Israelites: I AM has sent me to you.” (Ex 3:14)…Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of Christ, who is God over all, forever praised!  Amen. (Rom 9:5)…Your attitude should be the same as that of Christ Jesus: Who, being in the very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness.  And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to death – even death on a cross!  Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave Him the name that is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Phil 2:5-11)…He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.  For by Him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things were created by Him and for Him.  He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.  And He is the head of the body, the church; He is the beginning and the firstborn from among the dead, so that in everything He might have the supremacy. (Col 1:15-18)…while we wait for the blessed hope – the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, (Titus 2:13)…But about the Son He says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever, and righteousness will be the scepter of your kingdom” (Heb 1:8)…We know also that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, so that we may know Him who is true.  And we are in Him who is true – even in His Son Jesus Christ.  He is the true God and eternal life. (1 John 5:20)…”I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End.  Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and may go through the gates into the city.  Outside are the dogs, those who practice magic arts, the sexually immoral, the murderers, the idolaters and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.  I Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches.  I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star.”  The Spirit and the bride say, “Come!”  And let him who hears say, “Come!” Whoever is thirsty, let him come; and whoever wishes, let him take the free gift of the water of life.  I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds anything to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book. (Rev 22: 13-18).

 

Jesus Christ is man (Mark 2:27,28; John 1:14; Rom 1:3; Phil 2:5-11; 1 Tim 2:5; 1 John 4:1-4).

Then he said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man not man for the Sabbath.  So the son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.” (Mark 2:27,28)…The Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us.  We have seen His glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth,  (John 1:14)…regarding His Son, who as to His human nature was a descendant of David, (Rom 1:3)…Your attitude should be the same as that of Christ Jesus: Who, being in the very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness.  And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to death – even death on a cross!  Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave Him the name that is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Phil 2:5-11)…For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus (1 Tim 2:5)…Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world.  This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God.  This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you have heard is coming and even now is already in the world.  You, dear children, are from God and have overcome them, because the one who is in you is greater than the one who is in the world. (1 John 4:1-4).

 

Jesus Christ is one person whose divine and human natures cannot be changed, divided, separated or mixed (John 1:14; Rom 1:3,4, 8:3, 9:5; Gal 4:4,5; Phil 2:5-7; 1 Tim 3:16; Heb 2:11-14; 1 John 4:2,3).

The Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us.  We have seen His glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth,  (John 1:14)…regarding His Son, who as to His human nature was a descendant of David, and who through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God by His resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord. (Rom 1:3,4)…For what the law was powerless to do in that it was weakened by the sinful nature, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful man to be a sin offering.  And so He condemned sin in sinful man. (Rom 8:3)…Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of Christ, who is God over all, forever praised!  Amen. (Rom 9:5)…But when the time had fully come, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under law, to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons. (Gal 4:4,5)… Your attitude should be the same as that of Christ Jesus: Who, being in the very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. (Phil 2:5-7)…Beyond all question, the mystery of godliness is great: He appeared in a body, was vindicated by the Spirit, was seen by angels, was preached among the nations, was believed on in the world, was taken up in glory. (1 Tim 3:16)…Both the one who makes men holy and those who are made holy are of the same family.  So Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers.  He says, “I will declare your name to my brothers; in the presence of the congregation I will sing your praises.”  And again, “I will put my trust in Him.”  And again He says, “Here am I, and the children God has given me.”  Since the children have flesh and blood, He too shared in their humanity so that by His death He might destroy him who holds the power of death – that is, the devil. (Heb 2:11-14)…This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God.  This is the spirit of the anti-christ, which you have heard is coming and even now is already in the world, (1 John 4:2,3)

 

Jesus Christ was resurrected bodily from the dead (Luke 24:36-47; John 2:19-21; Rom 8:11; 1 Cor 15:3-7; 1 John 3:2).

While they were still talking about this, Jesus himself stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.”  They were startled and frightened, thinking they saw a ghost.  He said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do doubts rise in your minds?  Look at my hands and my feet.  It is I myself!  Touch me and see; a ghost does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have.”  When He had said this, He showed them His hands and feet.  And while they still did not believe it because of joy and amazement, he asked them, “Do you have anything here to eat?”  They gave Him a piece of broiled fish, and he took it and ate it in their presence.  He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.”  Then He opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures.  He told them, “This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. (Luke 24:36-47)…Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple and I will raise it again in three days”  The Jews replied, “It has taken forty six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?”  But the temple He had spoken of was His body. (John 2:19-21)…And if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit, who lives in you. (Rom 8:11)…For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that He was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He appeared to Peter, and then to the Twelve.  After that, He appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep.  Then He appeared to James, and to all the apostles, (1 Cor 15:3-7)…Dear friends, now we are children of God, and what we will be has not yet been made known.  But we know that when He appears, we shall be like him, for we shall see Him as He is. (1 John 3:2).

 

Jesus Christ was born of a virgin (Isa 7:14; Mat 1:23).

Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. (Isa 7:14)…’The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call Him Immanuel’ – which means, ‘God with us.’ (Mat 1:23)

 

These five core beliefs about Jesus Christ are supported by the totality of selected NIV Scriptures.  However, while the belief that ‘Jesus Christ is one person’ is documented in Scripture, the remainder of the sentence, ‘whose divine and human natures cannot be changed, divided, separated or mixed' was developed over a period of 125 years in response to heresies introduced into the church by well-meaning Christian leaders.

Difficulties encountered in discussing this issue are compounded by the ambiguity associated with certain words.  To remove some ambiguity, it is useful to distinguish between two concepts:

 

  • NATURE -- A Complex Composite of Attributes
  • PERSON -- A Substantive Entity

 

The human nature is a complex composite of the human attributes of intellect, will and heart (seat of emotions).  These are housed in a substantive entity called a person identified by the body during life and the soul after death.  The divine nature is a complex composite of the divine attributes of intellect, will and heart.  These divine attributes are transcendent, immanent, infinite, eternal and immutable.  They are housed in substantive entities called the three persons of the Trinity: God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit.  The incarnation joined the divine nature of God the Son with the human nature of Jesus Christ, without change, division, separation or mixture, to form a single person who is fully human and fully divine. 

Divine and human natures are united in the personal oneness of Christ.  In the unity of his personality, He must possess the full attributes of both.  As a person, He is not merely God nor merely man but God-man.  The divine Son took the nature of man into a personal union with himself.  This theanthropic union is permanent.  It will never be reversed and there will never be another!  It was necessary and sufficient for the substitutionary atonement.

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Core Belief 4 of Christianity

 

Every person since Adam and Eve (Gen 3:6-19; Rom 7:14-25), except Jesus Christ (Luke 1:35), was born with a sin nature.

When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it.  She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.  Then the eyes of both of them were opened, an they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.  Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the garden.  But the Lord God called to the man, “Where are you?”  He answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.”  And he said, “Who told you that you were naked?  Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”  The man said, “The woman you put here with me – she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”  Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?”  The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”  So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals!  You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life.  And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head and you will strike his heel.”  To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing: with pain you will give birth to children.  Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”  To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat of it,’ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life.  It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field.  By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.” (Gen 3:6-9)…We know that the law is spiritual but I am unspiritual, sold as a slave to sin.  I do not understand what I do.  For what I want to do I do not do, but what I hate I do.  And if I do what I do not want to do, I agree that the law is good.  As it is, it is no longer I myself who do it, but it is sin living in me.  I know that nothing good lives in me, that is, in my sinful nature.  For I have the desire to do what is good, but I cannot carry it out.  For what I do is not the good I want to do; no, the evil I do not want to do – this I keep on doing.  Now if I do what I do not want to do, it is no longer I who do it, but it is sin living in me that does it.  So I find this law at work: When I want to do good, evil is right there with me.  For in my inner being I delight in God’s law; but I see another law at work in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin at work within my members.  What a wretched man I am!  Who will rescue me from this body of death?  Thanks be to God – through Jesus Christ our Lord!  So then, I myself in my mind am a slave to God’s law, but in the sinful nature a slave to the law of sin. (Rom 7:14-25)…The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you.  So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.” (Luke 1:35)

 

No person (Rom 3:23, 5:12-18, 6:23; 1 John 1:8-10), except Jesus Christ (John 8:46; 2 Cor 5:21; Heb 4:15; 1 Pet 1:18-19, 2:21-22; 1 John 2:1, 3:3), has lived a sinless life.

For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God (Rom 3:23)…Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned – for before the law was given, sin was in the world.  But sin is not taken into account when there is no law.  Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come.  But the gift is not like the trespass.  For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!  Again, the gift of God is not like the result of the one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification.  For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ.  Consequently, just as the result of one trespass was condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for all men. (Rom 5:12-18)…For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. (Rom 6:23)…If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us.  If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.  If we claim we have not sinned, we make Him out to be a liar and His word has no place in our lives. (1 John 1:8-10)…”Can any of you prove me guilty of sin?  If I am telling the truth, why don’t you believe me?” (John 8:46)…God made Him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God. (2 Cor 5:21)…For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are – yet was without sin. (Heb 4:15)…For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your forefathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect. (1 Pet 1:18-19)…To this you were called because Christ suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in His steps.  “He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in His mouth.” (1 Pet 2:21-22)…My dear children, I write this to you so that you will not sin.  But if anybody does sin, we have one who speaks to the Father in our defense – Jesus Christ, the Righteous One. (1 John 2:1)…Everyone who has this hope in Him purifies himself, just as He is pure. (1 John 3:3)

 

These verses from the NIV, confirm, with no contradiction, the Total Depravity of mankind.  This is an essential core belief and differentiates Christianity from various non-Christian religions and Christian spin-offs.  It means God knew it would be pointless to allow the offspring of Adam and Eve to be born sinless.  He knew each offspring would follow exactly the same path as Adam and Eve.  So, He allows each descendent of Adam and Eve to be born with full instinctive knowledge that they have a right to themselves.  All progeny are born embracing this totally depraved, sin nature, sometimes called original sin, inbred sin or inherited depravity.  But God has a remedy!

 

In the words of H. Orton Wiley:

“Man’s nature as he is born into the world is corrupt, is very far gone from original righteousness, is averse to God, is without spiritual life, is inclined to evil, and that continually.  However, for this depraved nature he is not responsible, and hence no guilt or demerit attaches to it.  This is not because depravity is uncondemnable, but because through the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, the free gift reversed the penalty as a consequence of the universal atonement.  We hold, therefore, as truly as later Arminianism, that man as he comes into the world is not guilty of inbred sin.  He becomes responsible for it, only when having rejected the remedy provided by atoning blood, he ratifies it as his own.”  (Wiley, v2, p 137)

 

Or, in the words of Oswald Chambers:

“Sin is a thing I am born with and I cannot touch it; God touches sin in Redemption.  In the Cross of Jesus Christ God redeemed the whole human race from the possibility of damnation through the heredity of sin.  God nowhere holds a man responsible for having the heredity of sin.  The condemnation is not that I am born with a heredity of sin, but if when I realize Jesus Christ came to deliver me from it, I refuse to let Him do so, from that moment I begin to get the seal of damnation.  ‘And this is the judgment’ (the critical moment), ‘that the light is come into the world and men loved the darkness rather than the light.”  (Chambers, October 5th)

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Core Belief 5 of Christianity

 

Salvation from the consequences of sin is offered to all persons by the grace of God and the substitutionary atonement of Jesus Christ (Deut 10:17; 2 Chron 19:7; Job 34:18-19; Lam 3:33; Ezek 18:23-25, 33:11; Mark 12:14; John 1:29, 3:16, 14:6; Acts 4:10-12, 10:34-35; Rom 2:11, 3:21-25, 5:12-18; Eph 2:8-10, 6:9; 1 Tim 2:3-5, 4:9-10; Heb 9:14-15; 2 Pet 3:9; 1 John 2:2).

For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who shows no partiality and accepts no bribes. (Deut 10:17)…Now let the fear of the Lord be upon you.  Judge carefully, for with the Lord our God there is no injustice or partiality or bribery. (2 Chron 19:7)…Is He not the One who says to kings, ‘You are worthless,’ and to nobles, ‘You are wicked,’ who shows no partiality to princes and does not favor the rich over the poor, for they are all the work of His hands? (Job 34:18-19)…For He does not willingly bring affliction or grief to the children of men. (Lam 3:33)…Do I take any pleasure in the death of the wicked?  declares the Sovereign Lord.  Rather, am I not pleased when they turn from their ways and live?  But if a righteous man turns from his righteousness and commits sin and does the same detestable things the wicked man does, will he live?  None of the righteous things he has done will be remembered.  Because of the unfaithfulness he is guilty of and because of the sins he has committed, he will die.  Yet you say, ‘The way of the Lord is not just.’  Hear, O house of Israel: Is my way unjust?  Is it not your ways that are unjust? (Ezek 18:23-25)…Say to them, ‘As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign Lord, I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked but rather that they turn from their ways and live.  Turn!  Turn from your evil ways!  Why will you die, O house of Israel?’ (Ezek 33:11)…They came to Him and said, ‘Teacher, we know you are a man of integrity.  You aren’t swayed by men, because you pay no attention to who they are; but You teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar or not?’ (Mark 12:14)…The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! (John 1:29)…For  God so loved the world that he gave His one and only Son that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life (John 3:16)…Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life.  No one comes to the Father except through me.” (John 14:6)…then know this, you and all the people of Israel: It is by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified but whom God raised from the dead, that this man stands before you healed.  He is ‘the stone you builders rejected, which has become the capstone.’  Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved. (Acts 4:10-12)…Then Peter began to speak: “I now realize how true it is that God does not show favoritism but accepts men from every nation who fear Him and do what is right. (Acts 10:34-35)…For God does not show favoritism. Rom 2:11)…But now a righteousness from God, apart from law, has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify.  This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe.  There is no difference, for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified freely by His grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.  God presented Him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in His blood.  He did this to demonstrate His justice, because in His forbearance He had left the sins committed before-hand unpunished. (Rom3:21-25)…Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned – for before the law was given, sin was in the world.  But sin is not taken into account when there is no law.  Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come.  But the gift is not like the trespass.  For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!  Again, the gift of God is not like the result of the one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification.  For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ.  Consequently, just as the result of one trespass was condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for all men. (Rom 5:12-18)…For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith – and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God – not by works, so that no one can boast.  For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works which God prepared in advance for us to do. (Eph 2:8-10)…And masters, treat your slaves in the same way.  Do not threaten them, since you know that He who is both their Master and yours is in heaven, and there is no favoritism with Him. (Eph 6:9)…This is good and pleases God our Savior, who wants all men to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.  For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, (1 Tim 2:3-5)…This is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance  (and for this we labor and strive), that we have put our hope in the living God, who is the Savior of all men, and especially of those who believe. (1 Tim 4:9-10)…How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!  For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance – now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant. (Heb 9:14-15)…The Lord is not slow in keeping His promise, as some understand slowness.  He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance. (2 Pet 3:9)…He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world. (1 John 2:2)

 

These NIV verses unanimously confirm that the substitutionary atonement of Jesus Christ, and that alone, is intended to cover the sins of every person who will ever live.  The very character of God, established by these verses, makes the universality of the atonement inevitable.  Any attempt to limit the atonement to a few elect individuals would require removing these verses from Scripture.

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Core Belief 6 of Christianity

The grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all persons (Titus 2:11).

For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men. (Titus 2:11)

 

The requirements of the law are written by God on every heart (Rom. 2:15).

since they show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now even defending them. (Rom 2:15)

 

Jesus Christ knocks at the door of every heart (Rev. 3:20).

“Here I am!  I stand at the door and knock.  If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with him, and he with me. (Rev 3:20)

 

The Holy Spirit calls and convicts each person (John 16:8).

“When He comes, He will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgement: (John 16:8)

 

God’s eternal power and divine nature are evident in the world around us (Rom 1:20).

For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities – His eternal power and divine nature – have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse. (Rom 1:20)

 

Nevertheless, many resist the grace of God (Mat 25:46; 2 Thes 1:8-9).

Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life (Mat 25:46)…He will punish those who do not know God and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.  They will be punished with everlasting destruction and shut out from the presence of the Lord and from the majesty of His power. (2 Thes 1:8-9)

 

The grace of God that brings salvation is clearly revealed in the NIV.  The most powerful aspect of this prevenient grace may be the call of the Holy Spirit.  The Holy Spirit is the emissary of prevenient grace.  In that capacity, He calls and convicts each person (John 16:8).  The Holy Spirit begins by calling your soul; you may choose to ignore the phone and let it ring.  But until He senses a response in your heart He will go no further.  If you eventually answer the call, He will try to awaken you to the idea that there is something wrong with your soul.  As weeks and months go by while you ponder this thought, He is gradually drawing you closer to Himself.  Then comes the hard part!  You must confess your own sin nature and sinful behavior.  You must confess that your heart, intellect and will are corrupt beyond measure.  Only by acknowledging the poverty of your own soul can you enter the kingdom of God; those who are baptized with the Holy Spirit have a sense of absolute unworthiness.  You must be convicted of your own sin nature and behavior. 

Wesley held, as did Arminius, that no ability remains in man to return to God. Cooperation with grace is of grace.  Prevenient grace is a cornerstone of Wesleyan/Arminian theology.  Without God working in your corrupted heart, intellect and will, without God calling you, trying to awaken you, trying to draw you near and convict you of your sins, you could never be saved!  You are drowning in a bottomless sea of sin and the Holy Spirit is nudging you to within arm’s length of a life preserver.  You need only grasp the preserver and be pulled to safety.  This analogy depicts the synergistic view of salvation as opposed to that of Reformed, monergistic theology whereby God either elects you for salvation or condemns you to Hell before you are born.

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Core Belief 7 of Christianity

 

Each person who responds to God’s grace and the substitutionary atonement of Jesus Christ by

 

Confession of sin (Ps 32:3-5; 1 John 1:8-10),

When I kept silent, my bones wasted away through my groaning all day long.  For day and night your hand was heavy upon me; my strength was sapped as in the heat of summer.  Then I acknowledged my sin to you and did not cover up my iniquity.  I said, “I will confess my transgressions to the Lord” – and You forgave the guilt of my sin. (Ps 32:3-5)…If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us.  If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.  If we claim we have not sinned, we make Him out to be a liar and His word has no place in our lives. (1 John 1:8-10)

 

Remorse (Ps 66:18; Luke 18:13),

If I had cherished sin in my heart, the Lord would not have listened; (Ps 66:18)…But the tax collector stood at a distance.  He would not even look up to heaven, but beat his breast and said, ‘God have mercy on me a sinner.’ (Luke 18:13)

 

Repentance (Mat 3:8; Rom 12:2, 13:14; Eph 4:23-24; Rev 2:5, 16, 3:3, 19),

Produce fruit in keeping with repentance. (Mat 3:8)…Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind.  Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is – His good, pleasing and perfect will. (Rom 12:2)…Rather clothe yourselves with the Lord Jesus Christ and do not think about how to gratify the desires of the sinful nature. (Rom 13:14)…to be made new in the attitude of your minds; and to put on the new self, created to be like God in true righteousness and holiness. (Eph 4:23-24)…Remember the height from which you have fallen!  Repent and do the things you did at first.  If you do not repent, I will come to you and remove your lampstand from its place. (Rev 2:5)…Repent therefore!  Otherwise, I will soon come to you and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth. (Rev 2:16)…Remember, therefore, what you have received and heard; obey it, and repent.  But if you do not wake up, I will come like a thief, and you will not know at what time I will come to you. (Rev 3:3)…Those whom I love I rebuke and discipline,  So be earnest, and repent. (Rev 3:19)

 

Faith (John 6:29, 3:16-17; Acts 16:31; Eph 2:8-10) and

Jesus answered, “The work of God is this: to believe in the one He has sent.” (John 6:29)…For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.  For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through Him. (John 3:16-17)…They replied, “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved – you and your household.” (Acts 16:31)…For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith – and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God – not by works, so that no one can boast.  For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do. (Eph 2:8-10)

 

Obedience (Mat 28:20; Luke 11:28; John 14:15; Rom 1:5, 6:16; Heb 5:9)

“and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.  And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age” (Mat 28:20)…He replied, “Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and obey it.” (Luke 11:28)…”If you love Me, you will obey what I command.” (John 14:15)…Through Him and for His name’s sake, we received grace and apostleship to call people from among all the Gentiles to the obedience that comes from faith. (Rom 1:5)…Don’t you know that when you offer yourselves to someone to obey Him as slaves, you are slaves to the one whom you obey – whether you are slaves to sin, which leads to death, or to obedience, which leads to righteousness? (Rom 6:16)…and, once made perfect, He became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey Him. (Heb 5:9)

 

Receives the great gift of salvation (Acts 4:12; Rom 1:16; 2 Cor 7:10; 1 Thes 5:9; Heb 5:9; 1 Pet 1:9, 18-19).

Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved (Acts 4:12)…I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. (Rom 1:16)…Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation and leaves no regret, but worldly sorrow brings death. (2 Cor 7:10)…For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ. (1 Thes 5:9)…and, once made perfect, He became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him (Heb 5:9)…for you are receiving the goal of your faith, the salvation of your souls. (1 Pet 1:9)…For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your forefathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect. (1 Pet 18-19).

 

Each person who resists God’s grace is condemned to everlasting punishment (Mat 25:46; 2 Thes 1:8-9).

Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life. (Mat 25:46)…He will punish those who do not know God and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.  They will be punished with everlasting destruction and shut out from the presence of the Lord and from the majesty of His power (2 Thes 1:8-9)

 

The NIV makes it clear that salvation requires you to confess your sin nature and behavior.  You must confess that your heart, intellect and will are corrupt beyond measure.  Only by acknowledging the poverty of your own soul can you enter the kingdom of God; those who are baptized with the Holy Spirit have a sense of absolute unworthiness.  Without confession of sin, it is not possible to have true remorse in your heart.  Without remorse, it is not possible to repent.  Without repentance, there is no faith; belief must be preceded by repentance and followed by obedience to qualify as faith.  Without faith, there is no obedience.  Without conviction, remorse, repentance, faith and obedience, there is no salvation.